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How to limit Flask dev server to only one visiting ip address

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本文出自 Suzf Blog。 如未注明,均为 SUZF.NET 原创。


I'm developing a website using the Python Flask framework and I now do some devving, pushing my changes to a remote dev server. I set this remote dev server up to serve the website publically using'').

This works fine, but I just don't want other people to view my website yet. For this reason I somehow want to whitelist my ip so that the dev server only serves the website to my own ip address, giving no response, 404's or some other non-useful response to other ip addresses. I can of course set up the server to use apache or nginx to actually serve the website, but I like the automatic reloading of the website on code changes for devving my website

So does anybody know of a way to do this using the built in Flask dev server? All tips are welcome!

Using just the features of Flask, you could use a before_request() hook testing the request.remote_addr attribute:

from flask import abort, request

def limit_remote_addr():
    if request.remote_addr != '':
        abort(403)  # Forbidden

but using a firewall rule on the server is probably the safer and more robust option.

Note that the Remote_Addr can be masked if there is a reverse proxy in between the browser and your server; be careful how you limit this and don't lock yourself out. If the proxy lives close to the server itself (like a load balancer or front-end cache), you can inspect the request.access_route list to access the actual IP address. Do this only if remote_addr itself is a trusted IP address too:

trusted_proxies = ('', '', '')

def limit_remote_addr():
    remote = request.remote_addr
    route = list(request.access_route)
    while remote in trusted_proxies:
        remote = route.pop()

    if remote != '':
        abort(403)  # Forbidden

来源: stackoverflow


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